Meet the crops

One of the immediate objectives decided by the African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC) was to develop genomics resources for economically important but also socio-culturally relevant crop and tree species grown in Africa. To prioritize these crops, an Africa-centric survey was conducted with participation from African plant breeders, sociologists, anthropologists, nutritionists, policy makers, scientists, farmers, government representatives, universities and various other stakeholders to identify 101 orphan or neglected crops important to local diets. 101 crops were selected as listed in the table below. They also include those which have been introduced into Africa in the past centuries that have become well established in local use.

# Scientific Name Common Name
1 Adansonia digitata Baobab
2 Adansonia kilima Baobab
3 Allanblackia  floribunda veg tallow tree
4 Anacardium  occidentale Cashew
5 Annona  senegalensis Wild Custard Apple
6 Annona reticulata Custard Apple
7 Artocarpus  heterophyllus Jack Tree
8 Artocarpus altilis Breadfruit
9 Balanites aegyptiaca Balanites
10 Boscia senegalensis Aizen, Nabedega
11 Canarium madagascariense Canarium nut, Ramy nut
12 Carica papaya Papaya
13 Carissa spinarum Carissa
14 Casimiroa edulis White sapote
15 Chrysophyllum Star apple
16 Cocos nucifera Coconut
17 Dacryodes edulis African Plum
18 Detarium  senegalense Sweet detar
19 Diospyros mespiliformis African persimmon
20 Dovyalis caffra Kei Apple
21 Elaeis guineensis Oil Palm
22 Faidherbia albida Acacia (Apple-ring)
23 Garcinia livingstonei African Mangosteen
24 Garcinia mangostana Mangosteen
25 Gnetum africanum African Gnetum
26 Hibiscus sabdariffa Roselle
27 Icacina oliviformis False yam
28 Irvingia gabonensis Sweet bush mango
29 Landolphia spp Gumvines
30 Lannea microcarpa Tree grapes
31 Macadamia ternifolia Macadamia
32 Mangifera indica Mango
33 Moringa oleifera Drumstick tree,
34 Morus alba Mulberry
35 Opuntia monacantha Prickly pear
36 Parinari curatellifolia Mobola plum
37 Parkia biglobosa African Locust
38 Persea americana Avocado
39 Phaseolus lunatus Lima Bean
40 Psidium guajava Guava
41 Ricinodendron  heudelotii Ground Nut Tree
42 Saba comorensis Rubber vines
43 Sclerocarya birrea Marula
44 Strychnos spinosa African Orange
45 Syzygium guineense Water berry
46 Tamarindus indica Tamarind
47 Uapaca kirkiana Wild loquat
48 Vitellaria paradoxa Shea Butter
49 Vitex doniana Chocolate berries
50 Ximenia caffra Sour plum
51 Ziziphus Jujube
# Scientific Name Common Name
52 Abelmoschus caillei Okra
53 Allium cepa Onion
54 Amaranthus blitum Amaranth
55 Amaranthus cruentus Grain amaranth
56 Amaranthus tricolor Vegetable amaranth,
57 Basella alba Vine spinach
58 Brassica carinata Ethiopia Mustard
59 Cassia obtusifolia Sickle Senna
60 Celosia argentea Celosia
61 Citrullus lanatus Watermelon
62 Cleome gynandra Spiderplant
63 Colocasia esculenta Taro
10% Corchorus olitorius Jute mallow
65 Crassocephalum  rubens Yoruban bologi
66 Crotalaria juncea Sunn hemp
67 Crotalaria ochroleuca Rattlebox
68 Cucumis metuliferus Horned Melon
69 Cucurbita maxima Pumpkin
70 Cyphomandra  betacea Cape tomato
71 Digitaria exilis Fonio
72 Dioscorea alata Yams
73 Dioscorea dumetorum Bitter yam
74 Dioscorea rotundata Yams
75 Eleusine coracana Finger Millet
76 Ensete ventricosum Enset
77 Ipomoea batatas Sweet Potato Leaves
78 Lablab purpureus Lab lab Bean
79 Lens culinaris Lentils
80 Macrotyloma  geocarpum Geocarpa groundnut
81 Momordica charantia Bittergourd
82 Musa acuminata AAA Group Bananas
83 Musa balbisiana Bananas
84 Musa x paradisiaca  AAB Group Plantains
85 Passiflora edulis Passion Fruit
86 Phaseolus vulgaris Green Bean
87 Plectranthus  esculentus African Potato
88 Plectranthus  rotundifolius African Potato
89 Solanum  aethiopicum African Eggplant
90 Solanum scabrum African Nightshade
91 Sphenostylis  stenocarpa Yambean
92 Talinum fruticosum Ceylon spinach
93 Telfairia occidentalis Fluted gourd
94 Tylosema  esculentum Marama bean
95 Vangueria  madagascariensis African Medlars
96 Vangueria infausta African Medlars
97 Vicia faba Favabean
98 Vigna radiata Mungbean
99 Vigna subterranea Bambara groundnut
100 Xanthosoma sagittifolium Elephant ears
101 Xanthosoma spp Cocoyams, Arrowroots