Meet the crops old

The African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC) is developing genomic resources for 101 African orphan crops. The chosen crops were identified in a participatory manner as being important for supporting consumers’ diets and farmers’ incomes in Africa.

Stakeholders involved in priority setting included development practitioners, consumers and producers, as well as agronomists, crop breeders, sociologists, anthropologists, nutritionists and policymakers. The selected crops are listed in the table below. Some of the crops are indigenous to Africa, while others are exotic, often first introduced centuries ago and now considered traditional foods in local cuisines. Around half the plants listed are annuals and about half are perennials (these are mostly trees). The common feature is that they are all relatively under-researched in Africa.

# Scientific Name Common Name
1 Adansonia digitata Baobab
2 Allanblackia floribunda veg tallow tree
3 Allanblackia stulhmanii Allanblackia
4 Anacardium occidentale Cashew
5 Annona senegalensis Wild Custard Apple
6 Annona reticulata Custard Apple
7 Artocarpus heterophyllus Jack Tree
8 Artocarpus altilis Breadfruit
9 Balanites aegyptiaca Balanites
10 Boscia senegalensis Aizen, Nabedega
11 Canarium madagascariense Canarium nut, Ramy nut
12 Carica papaya Papaya
13 Carissa spinarum Carissa
14 Casimiroa edulis White sapote
15 Chrysophyllum cainito Star apple
16 Cocos nucifera Coconut
17 Dacryodes edulis African Plum
18 Detarium senegalense Sweet detar
19 Detarium microcarpum Sweet detar
20 Diospyros mespiliformis African persimmon
21 Dovyalis caffra Kei Apple
22 Eragrostis tef Tef
23 Faidherbia albida Acacia (Apple-ring)
24 Garcinia livingstonii African Mangosteen
25 Garcinia mangostana Mangosteen
26 Gnetum africanum African Gnetum
27 Hibiscus sabdariffa Roselle
28 Icacina oliviformis False yam
29 Irvingia gabonensis Sweet bush mango
30 Landolphia spp Gumvines
31 Lannea microcarpa Tree grapes
32 Macadamia ternifolia Macadamia
33 Mangifera indica Mango
34 Moringa oleifera Drumstick tree,
35 Morus alba Mulberry
36 Opuntia monacantha Prickly pear
37 Parinari curatellifolia Mobola plum
38 Parkia biglobosa African Locust
39 Persea americana Avocado
40 Psidium guajava Guava
41 Ricinodendron  heudelotii Ground Nut Tree
42 Saba comorensis Rubber vines
43 Saba senegalensis Nsaban, kabaa
44 Sclerocarya birrea Marula
45 Strychnos cocculoides Natal orange
46 Strychnos spinosa African Orange
47 Syzygium guineense Water berry
48 Tamarindus indica Tamarind
49 Uapaca kirkiana Wild loquat
50 Vitellaria paradoxa Shea Butter
51 Vitex doniana Chocolate berries
52 Ximenia caffra Sour plum
53 Ziziphus mauritiana Jujube
# Scientific Name Common Name
54 Abelmoschus caillei Okra
55 Allium cepa Onion
56 Amaranthus cruentus Grain amaranth
57 Amaranthus tricolor Vegetable amaranth,
58 Basella alba Vine spinach
59 Brassica carinata Ethiopia Mustard
60 Cassia obtusifolia Sickle Senna
61 Celosia argentea Celosia
62 Citrullus lanatus Watermelon
63 Cleome gynandra Spiderplant
64 Colocasia esculenta Taro
65 Corchorus olitorius Jute mallow
66 Crassocephalum  rubens Yoruban bologi
67 Crotalaria juncea Sunn hemp
68 Crotalaria ochroleuca Rattlebox
69 Cucumis metuliferus Horned Melon
70 Cucurbita maxima Pumpkin
71 Cyphomandra  betacea Cape tomato
72 Digitaria exilis Fonio
73 Dioscorea alata Yams
74 Dioscorea dumetorum Bitter yam
75 Dioscorea rotundata Yams
76 Eleusine coracana Finger Millet
77 Ensete ventricosum Enset
78 Ipomoea batatas Sweet Potato Leaves
79 Lablab purpureus Lab lab Bean
80 Lens culinaris Lentils
81 Macrotyloma  geocarpum Geocarpa groundnut
82 Momordica charantia Bittergourd
83 Musa acuminata AAA Group Bananas
84 Musa balbisiana Bananas
85 Passiflora edulis Passion Fruit
86 Phaseolus vulgaris Green Bean
87 Plectranthus  esculentus African Potato
88 Plectranthus  rotundifolius African Potato
89 Solanum  aethiopicum African Eggplant
90 Solanum scabrum African Nightshade
91 Sphenostylis  stenocarpa Yambean
92 Talinum fruticosum Ceylon spinach
93 Telfairia occidentalis Fluted gourd
94 Tylosema  esculentum Marama bean
95 Vangueria  madagascariensis African Medlars
96 Vangueria infausta African Medlars
97 Vicia faba Favabean
98 Vigna radiata Mungbean
99 Vigna subterranea Bambara groundnut
100 Xanthosoma sagittifolium Elephant ears
101 Xanthosoma spp Cocoyams, Arrowroots